The Calathrinan Emperor is the aboslute ruler of the Calathrinan Empire. The Emperor has full power over legislative, executive, and judical matters. The current monarch is Alexei III of Calathrina.
Powers and FunctionsEdit
The Emperor has no insisutional, political, military, or judical limits. His autocracy is protected by the Constitution. The Emperor appoints, supervises, and dismisses all government officals at will. The Emperor also establishes, supervises, and dissolves all government administrations, committees, and boards at will. The Imperial Minstries are convened, organized, and dismissed by the emperor at will. The Prime Minister is appointed and dismissed by the Emperor and answers to him alone.
The Emperor calls, supervises, and dissolves meetings of the parilament at will. The emperor can order elections and direct Parilamentary proceedings. He is head of the State Council, and appoints half the members. The emperor proposes, initates, and apporves all Parilamentary laws at will. He can also issue his own decrees, edicts, proclamations, charters, and laws at will. The emperor also can change or repeal both his and Parilamentary laws at will. His laws are higher then Parilament's.
The Emperor also: levies and regulates taxes, excrises, trade and the economy, grants pardons, lays out criminal sentences; he can arrest, imprison, detain, and execute anybody, has the final say in the Courts, can overide even High Court decisions, regulates the civil service, grants passports and awards, witholds them at will, and supervises all religion.
According to the Imperial Laws of Sucession in 1904 and 1948, only descdants of Catherine the Great or at least Alexander the Great can become monarch. Religious progrimenture is also maintained, restricting succession to members of the Calathrinan Orthodox Church. Females are allowed to succeed, but only after males. Because of this, no females have come to the throne since Catherine the Great in 1796.
Wealth and FinancesEdit
The Calathrinan Parilament meets much of the sovereign's official expenditure from public funds, known as the Civil List and the Grants-in-Aid. An annual Property Services Grant-in-Aid pays for the upkeep of the royal residences, and an annual Imperial Travel Grant-in-Aid pays for travel. The Civil List covers most expenses, including those for staffing, state visits, public engagements, and official entertainment. Its size is fixed by Parliament every 10 years; any money saved may be carried forward to the next 10-year period.
Until 1960, the Crown depended totally on hereditary revenues for it's income (including the Imperial Estate). Emperor Alexander IV allowed Parilamentary aid in funds in exchange for the Estate being run in junction between the Crown and Parilament. Today, Parilamentary funding equals $40 million a year, while the Estate produces $200 million a year.
Today, the Estate has a total wealth of $95 billion, the largest property owner in the entireity of the Calathrinan Empire.